Beef Satay is one of those dishes that can be a hit or miss at Thai restaurants. If you want a sure thing, make it at home!! You’ll love the secret for how to make economical beef cuts so succulent you’d swear they’re top shelf meat. These skewers are so good you can eat them plain, but no one in their right mind would skip the Thai Peanut Sauce!
Top tip: These are excellent to grill on the BBQ, or even better, over charcoal for a truly authentic Thai experience.
Thai Beef Satay
When I eat out at Thai restaurants, I tend to default to Chicken Satay skewers because I know chicken is hard to get wrong. Beef Satay, on the other hand, can be terribly hit or miss. Bland, chewy and dry beef is an all-too-common refrain.
To experience Beef Satay the way it’s meant to be, better to make it yourself. It’s easy to do, cheaper and you know it will hit the mark!
And what is that mark? It’s succulent pieces of beef, firstly tickled in a marinade of satay seasoning. Then they’re seared on a ripping hot skillet for charry crust while staying lovely and pink inside. To serve, the skewers are befriended by a bowl of rich and smooth Thai Peanut Sauce – the perfect counterpoint for these smoky sticks of pleasure.
The secret for tenderising beef: baking soda / bi-carb
This Beef Satay recipe is a little bit special because it includes a handy method to tenderise a tougher beef cut so it becomes succulent, using baking soda / bi-carb. Cubes of raw beef are marinated overnight in a satay seasoning with a little baking soda added (just 1/2 teaspoon for 600g / 1.2lb of beef), then cooked in the usual manner.
The baking soda magically relaxes the meat fibres, making the beef more tender without changing the texture of the beef itself. It’s based on a method used by Chinese restaurants called velveting. Here’s the velveting recipe covering the technique in detail. The Chinese method is applied to thinner strips of beef, uses more baking soda and a shorter marinating time (~40 minutes to 1 hour). The baking soda is also rinsed off before cooking. The result is soft, “velvet”-like texture, hence the technique name.
For this Thai Beef Satay however, I specifically want to keep the original texture of beef intact so I use less baking soda and marinate overnight. The amount is so small too it cannot be tasted.
The result? Succulent pieces of beef that you’d swear are from a premium cut! The added bonus is that it’s also virtually impossible to overcook baking soda-tenderised beef.
Ingredients in Thai Beef Satay
In this section, I’ve separated the ingredients as follows:
Beef Satay marinade; and
Thai Peanut Dipping Sauce.
1. Ingredients for Beef Satay Marinade with tenderiser
Here’s what you need for the beef and satay marinade:
Just a quick run down on some of the ingredients:
Beef – I like to use rump steak (top sirloin is the equivalent in the US) which I then tenderise using baking soda/bi-carb, as outlined in the above section. This is a good mid-price cut of beef that’s got good beefy flavour and holds its shape will in neat cubes when cooked. It can be a little chewy though, making it an ideal candidate for marinating overnight with baking soda to tenderise it.
Feel free to use a more tender – and more expensive – cut of beef such as scotch fillet / boneless rib eye. If you do, skip the baking soda as obviously there’s no benefit to tenderising the beef further. And take care not to overcook it!
Baking soda / bi-carb – As explained in the section above, baking soda / bi-carb is the magic ingredient that tenderises tougher cuts of beef in this recipe;
Thai red curry paste – This is an essential and key flavouring in Thai satay, for both the beef marinade and in the peanut sauce, because it’s packed with a ton of umami (the food nerd term for savoury flavour). You could make your own curry paste, but because this recipe only calls for 3 tablespoons, I tend to just use store-bought.
My recommended red curry paste brand is Maesri, pictured below. It comes in small cans, and is very cheap (~$1.25). It’s available at large grocery stores here in Australia (Coles, Woolworths, Harris Farms) as well as Asian grocery stores. The flavour is far superior (in my opinion) to other mainstream curry pastes.
Coconut milk – Not all coconut milk is created equal. Cheaper brands are diluted with water and contain less actual coconut, and in turn less coconut flavour and fats. I recommend Ayam brand, which is 89% coconut kernel extract (some other brands are as low as 53%!) You can use low fat coconut milk, but I won’t condone it! 😂
Leftover coconut milk – The recipe doesn’t use a full can, so freeze leftovers if you don’t have an immediate use for it. Else click here for other recipes using coconut milk.
Curry powder – Curry powder is the other flavouring in satay. It’s a background flavour so there’s no need to use a specific type. Any generic “curry powder” is fine here. I use Clives or Keens (mild, not hot).
2. Thai Peanut Sauce
And here’s what you need for a restaurant-style Thai Peanut Sauce!
Red Curry Paste – This is the key flavouring in Thai Peanut Sauce so I really do urge you to try to get Maesri, the recommended brand shown in the above section! But if you can’t, any Thai Red Curry Paste you can get will do;
Natural Peanut Butter – This is the type of peanut butter typically sold in the health food aisle in grocery stores. It is different to mass-market stuff in that it has no added sugar, salt or other preservatives. It also has a stronger peanut flavour and is thinner than sweetened peanut butter (eg Kraft or Bega). This means better flavour in the sauce and makes the sauce the right consistency.
Commercial peanut butter spreads by contrast are thicker and the peanut flavour is not as good. So you need to use more to achieve the same flavour, which makes the sauce thicker than is ideal. That said, commercial peanut butter does work just fine as a substitute!
Dark soy sauce – This adds salt to the sauce as well as making the sauce a darker colour. If you don’t have it, light soy sauce or all-purpose soy sauce is fine to use too. The sauce will be a bit paler;
Cider vinegar – Plenty of alternatives here, we just need a vinegar to add tang to balance out the flavour in the sauce;
Coconut milk – The primary liquid in Thai Peanut Sauce. As with the marinade, good brands with high coconut content are what you want (check label ingredients). I use Ayam. And don’t talk to me about low fat coconut milk!
How to make Thai Beef Satay
1. Thai Peanut Sauce
The peanut sauce is a plonk-and-simmer job:
Plonk all the ingredients in a medium saucepan over medium low heat; and
Simmer for 5 minutes, whisking occasionally so the base doesn’t catch.
As I said, it’s a simple “plonk and simmer”!!
2. How to make Thai Beef Satay
Cut beef into 2.5cm / 1″ cubes.
Mix Satay Marinade ingredients in a bowl.
Mix beef into the Satay Marinade.
Marinate beef for 24 hours. For this recipe, I don’t recommend reducing the marinating time so as to ensure the baking soda has sufficient time to properly tenderise the beef.
Thread beef on to skewers. I like to use short skewers that fit inside a skillet. Typically I’ll thread 4 cubes on each skewer, but if I’m serving as an appetiser to pass around then I might only do 3.
Cook skewers on the stove in a griddle pan or skillet – or better still, barbecue them – over high heat. For the most authentic Thai street food experience, cook it over charcoal!
Turn skewers to cook each side (ie all 4 sides) until nicely charred and cooked through to medium well done which takes around 8 to 10 minutes. It’s important to know that beef that’s been tenderised with baking soda only becomes tender once thoroughly cooked. If it’s medium rare, then the beef will be on the chewy side because we’re using an economical cut of beef. Yes this is the exact opposite of all the rules you read about cooking steak!!
An even more amazing fact out beef tenderised using baking soda is that it’s virtually impossible to overcook. In fact, even when cooked to well done, it will still be pink inside!
Rest the skewers for 3 minutes before serving. To add some colour and visual appeal, garnish with a dusting of finely chopped peanuts, coriander/cilantro and finely sliced red chilli (use large ones so they aren’t spicy).
And of course, don’t forget the peanut sauce!!
It’s truly impossible to properly capture how tender the beef is in a photo or even in a recipe video!
Notice how pink the beef is inside, even though this is cooked through to medium. That’s the baking soda at work here – the beef stays pink even when cooked beyond medium rare. This is typical with some types of tenderised beef, such as Korean Beef Galbi.
What to serve with Thai Beef Satay
Beef Satay is typically listed as a starter at Thai restaurants. However, more often than not, it forms part of a main course when I make it. Asian BBQ is a firm favourite menu theme when I have friends over!
Here’s a few suggestions for things to serve on the side, or as a starter:
Thai Fish Cakes – A popular starter at Thai restaurants, with a Sweet Chilli Dipping Sauce;
Thai Lettuce Wraps – The Thai version of Chinese lettuce wraps, with a beautiful lemongrass-flavoured chicken or pork mince filling;
Salad options – Meat-free Thai side salads are yet to make their way onto my website. So meanwhile, some other options for you: Smashed Cucumber Salad with a Ginger Dressing (personal favourite!); Asian Slaw; Asian Side Salad. Then of course, my standard fallback for all things Asian, possibly Australia’s favourite salad : Chang’s Crispy Noodle Salad (it’s a back-of-the-packet life essential!).
Enjoy! – Nagi x
Watch how to make it
Beef Satay with Thai Peanut Sauce
Prep: 15 mins
Cook: 15 mins
Marinating: 1 d
Total: 1 d 30 mins
Servings12 – 14 skewers
Tap or hover to scale
Thai Beef Satay Skewers:
Mix together the beef and Marinade in a bowl. Cover with cling wrap and marinate overnight (do not reduce marinating time else the beef may not tenderise enough).
Thread onto skewers – I do 4 pieces each.
Heat 1.5 tbsp oil in a large non stick pan over medium high heat.
Cook 10 minutes (yes, well done!): Cook skewers in batches for 2 to 2 1/2 minutes on all 4 sides until deep golden (total of 8 to 10 minutes) and fully cooked through. (Note: baking soda tenderised beef needs to be thoroughly cooked to be tender. The beef is still a bit chewy if it’s medium or less.)
Rest: Transfer skewers to plate and rest for 3 minutes before serving with Peanut Sauce.
Thai Peanut Sauce:
Place all Peanut Sauce ingredients in a small saucepan over medium low heat.
Stir to combine then simmer, stirring every now and then, for 5 minutes. Adjust consistency with water – it should be a pourable but thickish sauce.
Remove from stove, cover with lid and keep warm while cooking skewers.
Pour sauce into a bowl. Sprinkle with some peanuts – stir some through if you want.
Pile satay skewers onto a platter, sprinkle with remaining peanuts, coriander and chilli.
2. Beef – I use rump steak (top sirloin in the US) which is a mid range economical cut with good beefy flavour that can sometimes be a bit chewy. However, the baking soda/bi carb in the marinade tenderises it – a Thai cooking secret!
If you use a well-marbled, more premium steak cut, such as a good quality scotch fillet (boneless rib eye), then there’s no need to use the baking soda. But do take care when cooking the skewers not to overcook the beef!
In theory, this recipe will work for pork as well (including tenderising) but I haven’t experimented with different cuts. For chicken, see Thai Chicken Satay.
3. Coconut milk – Not all coconut milk is created equal. Cheaper brands are diluted with water so have less coconut flavour. I use Ayam which is 89% (some are as low as 53%). As for low fat? I take no responsibility if you opt to use it!
Leftover coconut milk – freeze it. Find a recipe using leftovers by typing “coconut milk” in the search bar on my website, then hit “Using this ingredient”.
4. Curry powder – any is fine here because it’s a background flavour. I use Clives or Keens (mild, not hot)
5. Red curry paste – The best Thai red curry paste (in my opinion) is Maesri which comes in small cans and also happens to be the cheapest. Sold at large supermarkets (Coles, Woolies, Harris), Asian stores. But any brand will do because it’s an enhancer rather than key flavouring.
If using homemade Thai red curry paste, double the curry paste, add 1 tsp fish sauce + 1 tsp sugar into the beef marinade, and 2 tsp fish sauce + 2 tsp sugar into Peanut Sauce (homemade doesn’t have the seasonings jar paste does).
6. Baking soda / bi-carb – This tenderises the beef so mid range steak becomes succulent. Based on a infamous Chinese restaurant technique to velvet beef. See in post for more information.
7. Natural peanut butter is 100% peanuts and has a stronger peanut flavour than commercial peanut butter which has sugar and other additives. It is also thinner so less water is required to achieve the right consistency. Pretty widely available nowadays in the health food section of supermarkets.
Can use normal peanut butter spread but the peanut flavour is not as good and sauce will be thicker. Do not be tempted to dilute with too much water – it will dilute the flavour.
Sub: 1 cup raw unsalted peanuts blitzed until smooth with 1/2 cup or so coconut milk called for in the peanut sauce (helps make it super smooth).
8. Dark soy sauce adds seasoning and deepens colour of sauce. Can sub with light or all purpose soy sauce but sauce colour will be lighter.
9. Cider vinegar can be subbed with plain white vinegar. Lime juice, rice vinegar or other clear vinegars are an ok substitute but not 100% authentic.
10. Peanut Sauce – makes a bit more than you need. Lasts 1 week in the fridge – or freeze. Use leftover for:
10. Nutrition assumes all peanut sauce is consumed.
Calories: 182cal (9%)Carbohydrates: 4g (1%)Protein: 14g (28%)Fat: 13g (20%)Saturated Fat: 6g (38%)Cholesterol: 31mg (10%)Sodium: 383mg (17%)Potassium: 277mg (8%)Fiber: 1g (4%)Sugar: 3g (3%)Vitamin A: 333IU (7%)Vitamin C: 1mg (1%)Calcium: 23mg (2%)Iron: 2mg (11%)
Life of Dozer
My iPhone likes to offer “Moments” such as “One year ago today”. This is what it showed me:
It also showed me this 😖:
3 photos that perfectly capture this day last year!